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Data Multicasting Book

Data Multicasting Book

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   Data Multicasting

Data multicasting is the process of transmitting media channels to a number of users through the use of multiple distributed channels.

Multicasting typically involves the use of group addresses, which allow receivers to "tune" to the same stream of data as it is transmitted over the network. This is in contrast to a unicast transmission whereby multiple copies of the stream are individually addressed to an end user and are transmitted over the network. Multicasting provides much more efficient use of the network resources. However, the use of multicasting can complicate media control functions such as pause and fast-forward.

Multicasting (one-to-many or many-to-many) can dramatically increase the efficiency of a network compared to unicasting (one-to-one) or broadcasting (one-to-all) transmission. Multicasting is critical for mass media streaming sources such as IP television and Internet radio. Without the use of multicasting, a 3 Mbps television streaming service would require data connections of 30 Gbps to provide service to 10,000 customers.

Multicasting group membership defines how members find, join and disconnect from multicast sessions. Multicast transmission involves the use of special multicast addresses. It is possible to configure multicast systems to provide varying levels of quality of service for different multicast members.

There are many types of protocols (commands and processes) that can be used to setup and manage multicast sessions. Some of the key protocols used for multicasting include IGMP, PIM-DM, PIM-SM, MOSPF, CBT and BGMP. The processes and capabilities that these protocols have determine the amount of latency (setup and transmission delay), scalability (ability to serve many users) and protocol overhead (percentage of network resources that are needed for the protocol commands and operation).

Multicast sessions may use security processes to ensure administrators can configure multicast trees and only authorized members may attach and decode multicast media. There are other emerging forms of multicast transmission that include gridcasting and peercasting where multicast recipients retransmit media to other users.

This diagram shows how a single source multicast data session to allow a single source to send the same information to multiple receivers without the need to repeat the transmission back through multiple switches and routers in the network. This example shows that an IP address source is combined with a single multicast address that allows each router in the multicast tree to forward the packets only to members of the group.

Data Multicasting Diagram

 

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   Related Data Multicasting Terms

Distance Vector Routing
Link State Routing
Sparse Mode Multicasting
Dense Mode Multicasting

   Data Multicasting Books

Data Multicasting Book

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Introduction to Data Multicasting

This book explains how multicasting systems operate, ways to form distribution trees, and group management. The different types of multicast protocols are explained along with how multicast systems can provide reliable services with different levels of quality of service. You will learn about other ways to provide multicast services such as using gridcasting or peercasting

$19.99 Printed, $16.99 eBook9.99 Printed, $16.99 eBook

 

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